Common Ocular Diseases/Problems
Glaucoma is disease process that damages the optic nerve and causes a loss of vision. It is estimated that approximately 3 million people have glaucoma. Glaucoma is a silent, blinding disease. Unfortunately, it begins without any symptoms and will lead to progressive and permanent vision loss if not treated. Fortunately, with early diagnosis and treatment, in the majority of cases, vision loss can be prevented. This is why it is essential to diagnose and treat glaucoma as early as possible through regular eye exams.
A cataract is the clouding that develops in the crystalline lens of the eye. Cataracts typically progress slowly and can cause a decrease in vision and contrast. The main cause of cataracts is thought to be due to prolonged exposure to the suns harmful UV rays. The best way to protect your eyes is to make sure all your glasses, clear and sunglasses, block 100% of UVA and UVB rays.
Age Related Macular Degeneration (ARMD) is a degenerative condition in which the central portion of the Retina, called the macula, is damaged. The macula is responsible for providing central vision which we depend on heavily. The visual effects of ARMD can be range from mild distortion of your central vision to complete loss of your central vision. This is why it is essential to diagnose and manage ARMD as early as possible through regular eye exams.
Diabetes causes damage to the small blood vessels throughout the body. When diabetes causes damage to the small blood vessels in the retina, it is called Diabetic Retinopathy and can lead to blindness. However, with early diagnosis and treatment, vision loss can be slowed and in many cases prevented. The best way to prevent vision loss begins with seeing your eye doctor once a year or as often as your eye doctor recommends. The best way to decrease your likelihood of having complications from diabetes is by keeping your blood sugar under control and follow up with your internist regularly.
The eye is filled with a gel-like substance called the vitreous. The vitreous occupies approximately 80% of the volume of the eye. As we age, the normally gel like vitreous tends to shrink and become somewhat stringy. These strands of vitreous can cast shadows on the retina and creates the appearance of floaters. Floaters may appear as tiny specks, small dark shadows, “thread-like” strands or even “squiggly” lines that float around in your field of vision. They tend to move as your eyes move. The likelihood of experiencing floaters increases as we get older. Sometimes floaters can be an indication of other more serious vision threatening eye conditions or problems such as infections, inflammations, hemorrhages, or retinal tears. See an eye care professional as soon as possible if you notice sudden changes, increases in the number, or floaters associated with flashes of lights.
Make an appointment today with a Doctor at CECC and check your eye care health.